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Well-conceived Bio-energy projects aim to promote the development of a sustainable biomass energy production. As different analysis conducted show, the switching from fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) to fuel wood or other biomass (wood and waste) offers the best economic justification in Sri Lanka and is considered a serious potential viable renewable energy source. The goal of this Project is to reduce GHG emissions from the combustion of fossil fuel for thermal energy generation in the Sri Lanka industrial sector. The project expects to generate global benefits by reducing (GHG) emissions by replacing 10% of the fossil fuels used in the industry by 2017 by biomass derived energy. It will also generate additional benefits not intentionally targeted such as social and economic development, energy access and security and the reduction of environmental and health impacts. While many opportunities exist to mitigate climate change, there are many barriers and issues. The goal of this Project will be reached by removing barriers to the realization of sustainable biomass plantation, by increasing market share of biomass energy generation mix and by adopting appropriate biomass based energy technologies.

Societies need energy services to meet basic human needs and for productive processes. There is worldwide awareness on the fact that the delivery of this energy needs to be secure with lower environmental impacts and low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Carbon dioxide is the most important greenhouse gas emitted by humans

Climate change is mostly caused by greenhouse gases since the latter trap heat in the atmosphere making the Earth warmer. Nowadays it would be very hard to deny that greenhouse gas emissions have been increasing faster since the middle of the twentieth century. Even though some countries produce more greenhouses than others, emissions from every country contribute to the problem. That is the main reason why adjustments of all kinds and a global action are needed if we want explicitly fight against global warming. All methods of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere are welcome if climate change is to be mitigated.

Many challenges remain to continue promoting further biomass cultivation. Some of the difficulties are: the access to information on forestry options and land requirements, estimation of the present and future demands of fuelwood the surplus land available to be used for producing biomass, more case studies on the different models and possibilities, affordability of the technology just to mention a few. Besides mentioning some of the difficulties for promoting biomass production, it is necessary also to add some of the most common barriers to this kind of renewal energy; high investment costs, difficulty in obtaining credits, low incentives, lack of coordination among different government agencies among others. However, despite all these complications and impediments, one of the main challenges of Sri Lanka is how this country will position to take advantage of various opportunities currently present to transition to modern bio-energy technologies. It is worth encouraging sustainable biomass energy production further, making transition from a traditional use to a modern sustainable one. It will not only be environmental friendly but also will contribute positively in many social economic aspects; such as employment generation in rural areas, agricultural development rural economic development and environmental enhancement.

Documents download

Sri Lanka Global Environment Facility Project Document
Inception Report

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